Building regulations specify that fire doors must be present within the following areas of your home:
- Renovated domestic properties or new builds that have 3 or more storeys, including loft conversions should have fire doors to every habitable door (excluding W.C and bathrooms).
- Fire doors are also required if an integral garage has direct access into the domestic property.
According to the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order in 2005, property owners must ensure fire doors are fitted by a ‘competent person’ defined as ‘someone with sufficient training and experience, qualifications and knowledge to be able to implement fire safety measures (some or all) in a building’.
What is a fire door? A fire door is a specially constructed door which increases the time for fire and flames to pass through. There are two common types of domestic fire doors which include FD30 (fire door 30 minutes) and FD60 (fire door 60 minutes). These doors are tested to resist smoke and flames for 30 and 60 minutes. Fire doors can be glass, steel, wood or pyropanel. They must be regularly inspected to ensure they are maintained and functioning properly.
The main features of a fire doors include:
- Less than 4mm gaps around the side and top of the door.
- Hinges which are a minimum size of 3mm
- Automatic closing mechanism
- Intumescent seals